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application/x-fascinator-package Data from: Floral colours in a world without birds and bees: the plants of Macquarie Island

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We studied biotically pollinated angiosperms on Macquarie Island, a remote site in the Southern Ocean with a predominately or exclusively dipteran pollinator fauna, in an effort to understand how flower colour affects community assembly. We compared a distinctive group of cream-green Macquarie Island flowers to the flora of likely source pools of immigrants and to a continental flora from a high latitude in the northern hemisphere. We used both dipteran and hymenopteran colour models and phylogenetically informed analyses to explore the chromatic component of community assembly. The species with cream-green flowers are very restricted in colour space models of both fly vision and bee vision and represent a distinct group that plays a very minor role in other communities. It is unlikely that such a community could form through random immigration from continental source pools. Our findings suggest that fly pollination has imposed a strong ecological filter on Macquarie Island, favouring floral colours that are rare in continental floras. This is one of the strongest demonstrations that plant–pollinator interactions play an important role in plant community assembly. Future work exploring colour choices by dipteran flower visitors would be valuable. 

application/x-fascinator-package Data from: Honeybees (Apis mellifera) learn color discriminations via differential conditioning independent of long wavelength (green) photoreceptor modulation

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Recent studies on colour discrimination suggest that experience is an important factor in how a visual system processes spectral signals. In insects it has been shown that differential conditioning is important for processing fine colour discriminations. However, the visual system of many insects, including the honeybee, has a complex set of neural pathways, in which input from the long wavelength sensitive (‘green’) photoreceptor may be processed either as an independent achromatic signal or as part of a trichromatic opponent-colour system. Thus, a potential confound of colour learning in insects is the possibility that modulation of the ‘green’ photoreceptor could underlie observations. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We tested honeybee vision using light emitting diodes centered on 414 and 424 nm wavelengths, which limit activation to the short-wavelength-sensitive (‘UV’) and medium-wavelength-sensitive (‘blue’) photoreceptors. The absolute irradiance spectra of stimuli was measured and modelled at both receptor and colour processing levels, and stimuli were then presented to the bees in a Y-maze at a large visual angle (26°), to ensure chromatic processing. Sixteen bees were trained over 50 trials, using either appetitive differential conditioning (N = 8), or aversive-appetitive differential conditioning (N = 8). In both cases the bees slowly learned to discriminate between the target and distractor with significantly better accuracy than would be expected by chance. Control experiments confirmed that changing stimulus intensity in transfers tests does not significantly affect bee performance, and it was possible to replicate previous findings that bees do not learn similar colour stimuli with absolute conditioning. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that honeybee colour vision can be tuned to relatively small spectral differences, independent of ‘green’ photoreceptor contrast and brightness cues. We thus show that colour vision is at least partly experience dependent, and behavioural plasticity plays an important role in how bees exploit colour information. 

application/x-fascinator-package Data from: Differentiating Biological Colours with Few and Many Sensors: Spectral Reconstruction with RGB and Hyperspectral Cameras

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This Dataverse holds supporting data for the paper "Differentiating biological colour with few and many sensors: Spectral reconstruction with RGB and hyperspectral cameras" by Garcia, Girard, Kasumovic, Petersen, Wilksch and Dyer 2015. The data consists on: a) non-linear RGB TIFF images; b) linearised version of images in a) stored as 3888 x 2592 x 3 matlab matrices where monochrome images corresponding to the red, green and blue colour channels are stored along the thrid dimension of the matrix, following Matlab's standard format for RGB images; c) A Matlab files directory containing a matrix (.mat) file storing linear RGB values for the calibration set and reflectance spectra readings corresponding to each sample in the set. This data is required for the spectral reconstruction of any given RGB combination. Code for performing the spectral reconstruction mentioned in the paper is also provided as a plain, txt file. Copy and paste the contents of this file into a matlab function page for creating the function in your own machine. d) An excel file containing the data in c) for reference purposes. The authors provide the code without any warranty. Please refer to the publication for more details. 

application/x-fascinator-package Data from: Shades of red: bird-pollinated flowers target the specific colour discrimination abilities of avian vision

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Colour signals are a major cue in putative pollination syndromes. There is evidence that the reflectance spectra of many flowers target the distinctive visual discrimination abilities of hymenopteran insects, but far less is known about bird-pollinated flowers. Birds are hypothesized to exert different selective pressures on floral colour compared with hymenopterans because of differences in their visual systems. We measured the floral reflectance spectra of 206 Australian angiosperm species whose floral visitors are known from direct observation rather than inferred from floral characteristics. We quantified the match between these spectra and the hue discrimination abilities of hymenopteran and avian vision, and analysed these metrics in a phylogenetically informed comparison of flowers in different pollination groups. We show that bird-visited flowers and insect-visited flowers differ significantly from each other in the chromatic cues they provide, and that the differences are concentrated near wavelengths of optimal colour discrimination by whichever class of pollinator visits the flowers. Our results indicate that angiosperms have evolved the spectral signals most likely to reinforce their pollinators’ floral constancy (the tendency of individual pollinators to visit flowers of the same species) in communities of similarly coloured floral competitors. 

application/x-fascinator-package Subtracted Diversity Array identifies novel molecular markers including retrotransposons for fingerprinting Echinacea species

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Echinacea, native to the Canadian prairies and the prairie states of the United States, has a long tradition as a folk medicine for the Native Americans. Currently, Echinacea are among the top 10 selling herbal medicines in the U.S. and Europe, due to increasing popularity for the treatment of common cold and ability to stimulate the immune system. However, the genetic relationships within the species of this genus are unclear, which makes difficult the authentication of the species used for the medicinal industry. We report the construction of a novel Subtracted Diversity Array (SDA) for Echinacea species and demonstrate the potential of this array for isolating highly polymorphic sequences. 

application/x-fascinator-package A gDNA microarray for genotyping salvia species

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Salvia is an important genus from the Lamiaceae with approximately 1000 species distributed globally. Several Salvia species are commercially important because of their medicinal and culinary properties. We report the construction of the first fingerprinting array for Salvia species enriched with polymorphic and divergent DNA sequences and demonstrate the potential of this array for fingerprinting several economically important members of this genus. 

application/x-fascinator-package Data from: Sorghum and wheat differentially affect caecal microbiota and associated performance characteristics of meat chickens

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This study compared the effects of wheat- and sorghum-based diets on broiler chickens. The growth performance and caecal microbial community of chickens were measured and correlations between productivity and specific gut microbes were observed. Cobb broilers 15 days of age were individually caged and two dietary treatments were used, one with a wheat-based diet (n=48) and another one with a sorghum-based diet (n=48). Growth performance measurements were taken over a 10 day period and samples for microbiota analysis were taken at the end of that period. Caecal microbiota was characterised by sequencing of 16S bacterial rRNA gene amplicons. Overall, the results indicated that a sorghum-based diet produced higher apparent metabolisable energy (AME) and body-weight gain (BWG) values in chickens, compared to a wheat-based diet. Nevertheless, sorghum-fed birds had higher feed conversion ratio (FCR) values than wheat-fed birds, possibly because of some anti-nutritional factors in sorghum. Further analyses showed that caecal microbial community was significantly associated with AME values, but microbiota composition differed between dietary treatments. A number of bacteria were individually correlated with growth performance measurements. Numerous OTUs assigned to strains of Lactobacillus crispatus and Lachnospiraceae, which were prevalent in sorghum-fed chickens, were correlated with high AME and BWG values, respectively. Additionally, a number of OTUs assigned to Clostridiales that were prevalent in wheat-fed chickens, were correlated with low FCR values. Overall, these results suggest that between-diet variations in growth performance were partly associated with changes in the caecal microbiota. 

application/x-fascinator-package Data from: Integrated species distribution models: combining presence-background data and site-occupancy data with imperfect detection.

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Two main sources of data for species distribution models (SDMs) are site-occupancy (SO) data from planned surveys, and presence-background (PB) data from opportunistic surveys and other sources. SO surveys give high quality data about presences and absences of the species in a particular area. However, due to their high cost, they often cover a smaller area relative to PB data, and are usually not representative of the geographic range of a species. In contrast, PB data is plentiful, covers a larger area, but is less reliable due to the lack of information on species absences, and is usually characterised by biased sampling. Here we present a new approach for species distribution modelling that integrates these two data types. We have used an inhomogeneous Poisson point process as the basis for constructing an integrated SDM that fits both PB and SO data simultaneously. It is the first implementation of an Integrated SO-PB Model which uses repeated survey occupancy data and also incorporates detection probability. The Integrated Model's performance was evaluated, using simulated data and compared to approaches using PB or SO data alone. It was found to be superior, improving the predictions of species spatial distributions, even when SO data is sparse and collected in a limited area. The Integrated Model was also found effective when environmental covariates were significantly correlated. Our method was demonstrated with real SO and PB data for the Yellow-bellied glider (Petaurus australis) in south-eastern Australia, with the predictive performance of the Integrated Model again found to be superior. PB models are known to produce biased estimates of species occupancy or abundance. The small sample size of SO datasets often results in poor out-of-sample predictions. Integrated models combine data from these two sources, providing superior predictions of species abundance compared to using either data source alone. 

application/x-fascinator-package Lakes Entrance, Victoria: report about climate change in the Southern Slopes Vic East NRM region of Australia

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Report about climate change in the Southern Slopes Vic East NRM region of Australia, focused on Lakes Entrance. This report was created in reference to Lakes Entrance (AUBSJ), located in the ABC NRM region Southern Slopes Vic East. The report is composed of CSIRO & BoM trend data, CMAR future data, Jane Mullett's custom data, Jane Mullett's personal analysis. It has been created by Jane Mullett using the Climate Smart Seaports tool. Climate Smart Seaports is an online decision support toolkit designed to help Australian seaports adapting to climate change and improving their resilience to it. The toolkit lets users access data from various datasets such as CSIRO, BoM, ABS, BITRE as well as their own personal data. Climate Smart Seaports then allows writing and publishing reports based on this data and the user analysis. 

application/x-fascinator-package Data from: Defining the Roles of IFN-γ and IL-17A in Inflammation and Protection against Helicobacter pylori Infection

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24 zipped files, relating to the following abstract for "Defining the Roles of IFN-γ and IL-17A in Inflammation and Protection against Helicobacter pylori Infection": CD4+ T cells have been shown to be essential for vaccine-induced protection against Helicobacter pylori infection. However, the effector mechanisms leading to reductions in the gastric bacterial loads of vaccinated mice remain unclear. We have investigated the function of IFN-γ and IL-17A for vaccine-induced protection and inflammation (gastritis) using IFN-γ-gene-knockout (IFN-γ-/-) mice, after sublingual or intragastric immunization with H. pylori lysate antigens and cholera toxin. Bacteria were enumerated in the stomachs of mice and related to the gastritis score and cellular immune responses. We report that sublingually and intragastrically immunized IFN-γ-/- mice had significantly reduced bacterial loads similar to immunized wild-type mice compared to respective unimmunized infection controls. The reduction in bacterial loads in sublingually and intragastrically immunized IFN-γ-/- mice was associated with significantly higher levels of IL-17A in stomach extracts and lower gastritis scores compared with immunized wild-type mice. To study the role of IL-17A for vaccine-induced protection in sublingually immunized IFN-γ-/- mice, IL-17A was neutralized in vivo at the time of infection. Remarkably, the neutralization of IL-17A in sublingually immunized IFN-γ-/- mice completely abolished protection against H. pylori infection and the mild gastritis. In summary, our results suggest that IFN-γ responses in the stomach of sublingually immunized mice promote vaccine-induced gastritis, after infection with H. pylori but that IL-17A primarily functions to reduce the bacterial load. 

application/x-fascinator-package Data from: Differential Responses of Cecal Microbiota to Fishmeal, Eimeria and Clostridium perfringens in a Necrotic Enteritis Challenge Model in Chickens

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Clostridium perfringens causes a number of enteric diseases in animals and humans. In poultry, avian-specific C.perfringens strains expressing NetB toxin are known to cause NE, an economically significant poultry disease that costs the global industry over $2 billion annually in losses and control measures. With removal of antibiotic growth promoters in some countries this disease appears to be on the rise. In experimental conditions used to study disease pathogenesis and potential control measures, reproduction of the disease relies on the use of predisposing factors such as Eimeria infection and the use of high protein diets, indicating complex mechanisms involved in the onset of NE. The mechanisms by which the predisposing factors contribute to disease progression are not well understood but it has been suggested that they may cause perturbations in the microbiota within the gastrointestinal tract. We inspected changes in cecal microbiota and short chain fatty acids (SCFA) induced by Eimeria and fishmeal, used in combination or separately in birds challenged or not challenged with C. perfringens. C.perfringens challenge in the absence of both predisposing factors was not able to cause significant changes in either the alpha or beta diversity of the microbiota nor in concentrations of SCFA. Moreover, there was no C.perfringens detected in the cecal microbiota 2 days post-challenge without the presence of predisposing factors. In contrast, both fishmeal and Eimeria caused significant changes in microbiota, seen in both alpha and beta diversity and also enabled C.perfringens to establish itself from fully absent to present and abundant 2 days post challenge. Eimeria had its strongest influence on intestinal microbiota and SCFA when combined with fishmeal. Out of 6 SCFAs measured, including butyric acid, none were significantly influenced by C.perfringens, but their levels were strongly modified following the use of both predisposing factors. There was little overlap in the changes caused following Eimeria and fishmeal treatments, possibly indicating multiple routes for progressing towards clinical symptoms of NE. 

application/x-fascinator-package Data from: Insertions or Deletions (Indels) in the rrn 16S-23S rRNA Gene Internal Transcribed Spacer Region (ITS) Compromise the Typing and Identification of Strains within the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii (Acb) Complex and Closely Related Members

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To determine whether ITS sequences in the rrn operon are suitable for identifying individual Acinetobacter Acb complex members, we analysed length and sequence differences between multiple ITS copies within the genomes of individual strains. Length differences in ITS reported previously between A. nosocomialis BCRC15417T (615 bp) and other strains (607 bp) can be explained by presence of an insertion (indel 13i/1) in the longer ITS variant. The same Indel 13i/1 was also found in ITS sequences of ten strains of A. calcoaceticus, all 639 bp long, and the 628 bp ITS of Acinetobacter strain BENAB127. Four additional indels (13i/2–13i/5) were detected in Acinetobacter strain c/t13TU 10090 ITS length variants (608, 609, 620, 621 and 630 bp). These ITS variants appear to have resulted from horizontal gene transfer involving other Acinetobacter species or in some cases unrelated bacteria. Although some ITS copies in strain c/t13TU 10090 are of the same length (620 bp) as those in Acinetobacter strains b/n1&3, A. pittii (10 strains), A. calcoaceticus and A. oleivorans (not currently acknowledged as an Acb member), their individual ITS sequences differ. Thus ITS length by itself can not by itself be used to identify Acb complex strains. A shared indel in ITS copies in two separate Acinetobacter species compromises the specificity of ITS targeted probes, as shown with the Aun-3 probe designed to target the ITS in A. pitti. The presence of indel 13i/5 in the ITS of Acinetobacter strain c/t13TU means it too responded positively to this probe. Thus, neither ITS sequencing nor the currently available ITS targeted probes can distinguish reliably between Acb member species. 

application/x-fascinator-package Data from: Broadband onset inhibition can suppress spectral splatter in the auditory brainstem

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In vivo intracellular responses to auditory stimuli revealed that, in a particular population of cells of the ventral nucleus of the lateral lemniscus (VNLL) of rats, fast inhibition occurred before the first action potential. These experimental data were used to constrain a leaky integrate-and-fire (LIF) model of the neurons in this circuit. The post-synaptic potentials of the VNLL cell population were characterized using a method of triggered averaging. Analysis suggested that these inhibited VNLL cells produce action potentials in response to a particular magnitude of the rate of change of their membrane potential. The LIF model was modified to incorporate the VNLL cells’ distinctive action potential production mechanism. The model was used to explore the response of the population of VNLL cells to simple speech-like sounds. These sounds consisted of a simple tone modulated by a saw tooth with exponential decays, similar to glottal pulses that are the repeated impulses seen in vocalizations. It was found that the harmonic component of the sound was enhanced in the VNLL cell population when compared to a population of auditory nerve fibers. This was because the broadband onset noise, also termed spectral splatter, was suppressed by the fast onset inhibition. This mechanism has the potential to greatly improve the clarity of the representation of the harmonic content of certain kinds of natural sounds. 

application/x-fascinator-package Data from: Exploring the in meso crystallization mechanism by characterizing the lipid mesophase microenvironment during the growth of single transmembrane α-helical peptide crystals

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The proposed mechanism for in meso crystallisation of transmembrane proteins suggests that a protein or peptide is initially uniformly dispersed in the lipid self-assembly cubic phase but that crystals grow from a local lamellar phase, which acts as a conduit between the crystal and the bulk cubic phase. However, there is very limited experimental evidence for this theory. We have developed protocols to investigate the lipid mesophase microenvironment during crystal growth using standard procedures readily available in crystallography laboratories. This technique was used to characterize the microenvironment during crystal growth of the DAP12-TM peptide using synchrotron Small Angle X-ray Scattering with a micro-sized X-ray beam. Crystal growth was found to occur from the Gyroid cubic mesophase. For one in four crystals a highly-oriented local lamellar phase was observed, providing supporting evidence for the proposed mechanism for in meso crystallisation. A new observation of this study was that we can differentiate diffraction peaks from crystals grown in meso, from peaks originating from the surrounding lipid matrix, potentially opening up the possibility of high-throughput SAXS analysis of in meso grown crystals. 

application/x-fascinator-package Data from: Significance of likes: Analysing passive interactions on Facebook during campaigning

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This is the collection of documents related to the paper entitled "Significance of Likes: Analysing Passive Interactions on Facebook during Campaigning" submitted to PLoS ONE. Both excel files (mge13_bimodal_pvl_all-no_text and afe13_bimodal_pvl_all-no_text) contain the number of posts and likes across the campaigning period. Both pdf files (mge13_pints_val and afe13_pints_val) contain the P_IntS(posts) scores of all the selected MGE13 and AFE13 candidates. File figs_charts contains the values used in generating the charts used in the paper. File pints_compare contains the values used in the comparison off all the P_IntS. 

application/x-fascinator-package High Seas at Port of Geraldton: report about climate change in the Southern and Southwestern Flatlands West NRM region of Australia

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Report about climate change in the Southern and Southwestern Flatlands West NRM region of Australia, focused on Geraldton Port. This report was created in reference to Geraldton Port (AUGET), located in the ABC NRM region Southern and Southwestern Flatlands West. The report is composed of Ports Australia data, Jane Mullett's custom data, CSIRO & BoM trend data, CMAR future data, Jane Mullett's personal analysis. It has been created by Jane Mullett using the Climate Smart Seaports tool. Climate Smart Seaports is an online decision support toolkit designed to help Australian seaports adapting to climate change and improving their resilience to it. The toolkit lets users access data from various datasets such as CSIRO, BoM, ABS, BITRE as well as their own personal data. Climate Smart Seaports then allows writing and publishing reports based on this data and the user analysis. 

application/x-fascinator-package 2011 UK Riots Tweets

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Collection of tweets captured at the time of the 2011 UK Riots. This collection is only partial, retrieved via the streaming API. The data provides a historical record of public discussion on Twitter during a significant social happening. It also represents a useful resources for experimentation and methodological development. The data is both a social and an informational resource, enabling the analysis of a significant social event and the development/application of computational tools for, among other aims, natural language processing, information retrieval, meta data analysis. In addition to the principle collection of tweets (UK Riots Database), a sub-collection has been extracted that includes only the geo-tagged tweets. Finally, these databases are stored on MongoDB and are made queryable using a special interface (see the UK Riots Database for access and instructions) that allows queries to be stored in another dataset, shared, and re-executed. 

application/x-fascinator-package Data from: Rheological measurements as a tool for monitoring the performance of high pressure and high temperature treatment of sewage sludge

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Hydrothermal processing plays a significant role in sewage sludge treatment. However, the rheological behaviour of sludge during these processes is not fully understood. A better understanding of the sludge rheology under hydrothermal processing conditions can help improve process efficiency. Moreover, sludge rheology is easier to measure than chemical analyses. If a relationship could be established, it provides a possibility of using rheological measurement as a basis for monitoring the performance of hydrothermal processing. The rheological changes in thickened waste activated sludge (7 wt%) was investigated using a pressure cell-equipped rheometer during 60-min thermal hydrolysis (TH) at various temperatures (80–145 °C) and constant pressure (5 bar). Changes in the soluble chemical oxygen demand (COD) were measured using a separate reactor with a similar operating condition. The sludge behaved as a shear-thinning fluid and could be described by the Herschel-Bulkley model. At constant temperature, the yield stress and high-shear (600 s−1) viscosity of sludge decreased logarithmically over 60 min. At constant time, the yield stress and the high-shear viscosity decreased linearly with increasing TH temperature and these values was much less than corresponding properties after treatment and cooling down to 25 °C. The soluble COD of sludge also increased logarithmically over 60 min at constant temperature, and increased linearly with increasing temperature at constant time. Furthermore, the yield stress and high-shear viscosity reduction showed a linear correlation with the increase in soluble COD. 

application/x-fascinator-package Data from: Impact of gas injection on the viscosity of waste activated sludge

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Sludge exhibits different flow properties at different concentration, temperature and pressure. Knowledge of real time sludge rheology is extremely important for the efficient and optimised operation of sludge treatment process. The aeration in activated sludge process has a significant influence on fluid properties and which in turn influences mass transfer rates. In this work we study the influence of gas injection on rheological parameters by using two different geometries (Vane and Bob). The results of impact of gas injection on the rheological behaviour of the activated sludge was more evident under the low mechanical shear rates and tends to remain constant at high shear rates irrespective of the gas flow rate. However on comparing the results for both type of geometry at the same gas flow rate, concentration and shear rate ranges, the same trend of change in the viscosity of waste activated sludge was observed. 

application/x-fascinator-package Courier Trajectories 'eCourier dataset'

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Group of movement trajectories of couriers operating in London, UK. This dataset is a collection of courier trajectories, captured principally around London over a continuous eight week period. This is a useful example of real movement trajectories, which could potentially be used for benchmarking or for the development of spatio-temporal analytics. In addition to the principle data file,which contains 9,917,703 discrete data points, sixteen different spatial and temporal summaries have been included in the related experiment to aid analysis. 

application/x-fascinator-package Data from: Nanometric holograms based on a topological insulator material

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Holography has extremely extensive applications in conventional optical instruments spanning optical microscopy and imaging, three-dimensional displays and metrology. To integrate holography with modern low-dimensional electronic devices, holograms need to be thinned to a nanometric scale. However, to keep a pronounced phase shift modulation, the thickness of holograms has been generally limited to the optical wavelength scale, which hinders their integration with ultrathin electronic devices. Here, we break this limit and achieve 60 nm holograms using a topological insulator material. We discover that nanometric topological insulator thin films act as an intrinsic optical resonant cavity due to the unequal refractive indices in their metallic surfaces and bulk. The resonant cavity leads to enhancement of phase shifts and thus the holographic imaging. Our work paves a way towards integrating holography with flat electronic devices for optical imaging, data storage and information security. 

application/x-fascinator-package 'Climate Smart Seaports' tool applied to Southern Ports Authority, WA

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Report about climate change in the Southern and Southwestern Flatlands West NRM region of Australia, focused on Albany Port. This report was created in reference to Albany Port (AUALH), located in the ABC NRM region Southern and Southwestern Flatlands West. The report is composed of Ports Australia data, CSIRO & BoM trend data, measurements from ACORN-SAT stations, CSIRO future data, CMAR future data, and Jane Mullett's personal analysis. Climate Smart Seaports is an online decision support toolkit designed to help Australian seaports adapting to climate change and improving their resilience to it. The toolkit lets users access data from various datasets such as CSIRO, BoM, ABS, BITRE as well as their own personal data. Climate Smart Seaports then allows writing and publishing reports based on this data and the user analysis. 

application/x-fascinator-package Port Botany: report about climate change in the East Coast South NRM region of Australia, focused on Sydney Ports

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Report about climate change in the East Coast South NRM region of Australia, focused on Sydney Ports. This report was created in reference to Sydney Ports (AUSYD), located in the ABC NRM region East Coast South. The report is composed of ABS data, Ports Australia data, CSIRO & BoM trend data, Jane Mullett's personal analysis, CSIRO future data. It has been created by Jane Mullett using the Climate Smart Seaports tool. Climate Smart Seaports is an online decision support toolkit designed to help Australian seaports adapting to climate change and improving their resilience to it. The toolkit lets users access data from various datasets such as CSIRO, BoM, ABS, BITRE as well as their own personal data. Climate Smart Seaports then allows writing and publishing reports based on this data and the user analysis. 

application/x-fascinator-package 'Climate Smart Seaports' tool applied to Port of Newcastle

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Report about climate change in the East Coast South NRM region of Australia, focused on Port of Newcastle. This report was created in reference to Port of Newcastle (AUNTL), located in the ABC NRM region East Coast South. The report is composed of Ports Australia data, Jane Mullett's custom data, measurements from ACORN-SAT stations, CSIRO & BoM trend data, CMAR future data, CSIRO future data, Port of Newcastle vulnerability assessment, and Jane Mullett's personal analysis. It has been created by Jane Mullett using the Climate Smart Seaports tool. Climate Smart Seaports is an online decision support toolkit designed to help Australian seaports adapting to climate change and improving their resilience to it. The toolkit lets users access data from various datasets such as CSIRO, BoM, ABS, BITRE as well as their own personal data. Climate Smart Seaports then allows writing and publishing reports based on this data and the user analysis. 

application/x-fascinator-package 'Climate Smart Seaports' tool applied to Newcastle Port Corporation

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Report about climate change in the East Coast South NRM region of Australia, focused on Port of Newcastle. This report was created in reference to Port of Newcastle (AUNTL), located in the ABC NRM region East Coast South. The report is composed of ABS data, Ports Australia data, CSIRO & BoM trend data, measurements from ACORN-SAT stations, CSIRO future data, Jane Mullett's personal analysis. It has been created by Jane Mullett using the Climate Smart Seaports tool. Climate Smart Seaports is an online decision support toolkit designed to help Australian seaports adapting to climate change and improving their resilience to it. The toolkit lets users access data from various datasets such as CSIRO, BoM, ABS, BITRE as well as their own personal data. Climate Smart Seaports then allows writing and publishing reports based on this data and the user analysis.